The Bradford Index Factor (a.k.a. the Bradford Formula, the Bradford Index, the Bradford Measure, the Bradford Factor or even Bradford Points) is a simple calculation sometimes used in Human Resources as one measure of employee absenteeism.
The formula is:
B = A x A x D
B (Bradford Factor) is the result
A (Absences) is the number of absences
D (Duration) is the total duration of absences
Try our calculator to see how this works:
Bradford Factor Calculator
Whatever you call it, the Bradford calculation is believed to originate from the Bradford University of Management and is based loosely on the idea that short absences are more disruptive than longer absences. As far as we can find out, it is not based on the idea that frequent absences are a sign of fraudulent or unwarranted absenteeism.
The Bradford Factor is not universally accepted; especially if used to discipline employees since it takes no account of individual circumstances. However, as one indicative measure of overall absenteeism it appears to have support.
Our research indicates that some have claimed that it reduced absenteeism for them (for example, the Prison Service claimed that it had cut absenteeism by 25% after adopting it) but some believe that it is a blunt instrument that if used incorrectly then, in the words of one commentator, is “an employment tribunal waiting to happen”.
What do you think?